ETC's Agricultural Development Program grew out of the desire of village women to learn practical skills to put their new-found literacy to work. In the early days of ETC's agricultural development work, activities emphasized small-scale vegetable production and goat husbandry. In particular, ETC promoted kitchen gardens as a way to provide nutritious vegetables to family members. Women's group members were introduced to the cultivation and consumption of a wide variety of vegetables and leafy greens which diversified and improved the family diet.

The goals of the Agriculture Program have expanded to include helping farmers improve their food security, increase family incomes, and conserve and use natural resources sustainably. The program embraces indigenous knowledge while training farmers on the latest improvements in farming practices, including organic farming techniques to improve soil fertility. Although most activities are carried out by women's groups, local users committees and specialized working groups are also formed that include women's group members and other persons from the community.

ETC's Agriculture Program also actively contributes to public health. Women's group members are shown how to minimize or eliminate the use of agrochemicals, improve solid waste management and dramatically improve the quality of their living space by building proper housing for farm animals: keeping goats and pigs out of the kitchen greatly improves the household environment.

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